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if you cant turn it in by Saturday , please don’t acceptChapter 16: Pain, Temperature Regulation, Sleep, and Sensory Function

1. Briefly describe each of the 4 theories of pain

specificity
pattern
gate-control
neuromatrix

2. Where is the gate, referred to in the gate control theory of pain, located?

3. Briefly describe each of the following:

A-delta fibers
Unmyelinated C fibers
A-beta fibers

Where in the central nervous system does pain perception occur?

What part of the brain provides the emotional response to pain?

6. Give examples of the following neurotransmitters:

excitatory
inhibitory
endogenous opioids

7. Briefly describe each of the following:

pain threshold
pain tolerance

8. Briefly describe each of the following types of acute pain:

nociceptive pain
somatic pain
visceral pain
referred pain

9. Briefly describe each of the following types of chronic pain:

chronic (persistent) pain
neuropathic pain

Give examples of (a) peripheral neuropathic pain and (b) central neuropathic pain.

Using Figure 16.8 and text description, describe in your own words the pathogenesis of fever.

What are the benefits of fever?

Which portions of the brain and which neurotransmitters are responsible for promoting wakefulness?

Which portions of the brain and which neurotransmitters are responsible for promoting sleep?

15. Briefly describe each of the following types of sleep disorders:

restless leg syndrome
obstructed sleep apnea

Chapter 17: Alterations in Cognitive Systems, Cerebral Hemodynamics and Motor Function

Cognitive operations cannot occur without the functioning of which portion of the brain?

What is the most critical index of nervous system dysfunction?

A sudden, explosive, disorderly discharge of cerebral neurons is termed _____.

4 What is a description consistent with a complex partial seizure?

Why is status epilepticus considered a medical emergency?

A seizure that starts in the fingers and progressively spreads up the arm and extends to the leg is known as a(n) _____ seizure.

_____ is the loss of speech or the loss of comprehension of spoken or written language.

With receptive dysphasia (fluent), what is the individual is able to do?

Tactile agnosia is related to injury of what part of the brain?

What are the characteristics of dementia?

Which neurologic disorder is characterized by cortical nerve cell processes that have become twisted and dilated?

Which dyskinesia involves involuntary movements of the face, trunk, and extremities?

Parkinson disease is a degenerative disorder of what structure?

Clinical manifestations of Parkinson disease are caused by a deficit in which neurotransmitter?

What pathologic alteration produces tremors at rest, rigidity, akinesia, and postural abnormalities?

What are the clinical manifestations of Parkinson disease (PD)?

Chapter 18: Disorders of the Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems and the Neuromuscular Junction

What damage is most likely to




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