At this point in the course, you should have read a few articles related to your literature review topic. You should be taking notes on the articles you read and be critically examining the empirical evidence. Here I’d like you to develop one possible argument that you could make in your literature review. One possible argument is that a gap exists in the literature. If you use this argument specify precisely where this gap might exist (e.g., please no vague assertions here). For example, if your topic was interventions for generalized anxiety disorder perhaps one gap is in research examining mindfulness techniques.Another argument might be that there is a controversy. If you use this argument specify exactly what the controversy is (again veer away from vague answers). For example, there may be a controversy around the idea that stereotype threat is caused by increased anxiety.Finally, you might have a state of the art (or state of the state) argument. Be clear what is new. Here, you might argue that psychedelic  drugs present a new and exciting approach to treating PTSD.Please upload a clear and specific discussion of an argument for your paper here. Rubric Argument Defense Argument Defense Criteria Ratings Pts This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Identifying Argument Develop an argument you can make in your literature review: Controversy, Gap, or State of the Art. 25 pts Satisfactory Uploads a clear and specific discussion of an argument for paper. 15 pts Unsatisfactory Discussion does not provide a clear argument for paper. 25 ptsTotal Points: 25
At this point in the course, you should have read a few articles related to your literature review topic. You should be taking notes on the articles you read and be critically examining the empirical
SONA Participant Instructions updated May 2018 1 PSYCHOLOGY PARTICIPANT POOL WEBSITE (SONA) INSTRUCTIONS FOR STUDENTS (Participants) What is this research participation stuff ? Students in courses at the University of Texas of the Permian Basin ( UTPB ) may be required , or have the opportunity , to earn cre dit in their courses by participating in research . The purpose of this option is to give you firsthand knowledge of psychological and related experimentation. The main way in which students may fulfill this requirement is to participate in experiments cond ucted by UTPB faculty and their research assistants. The UTPB Institutional Review Board (UTPB IRB) is responsible for the review of human subject research and approves experiments posted on the Psychology subject pool website known as Sona Systems. To par ticipate in these studies, you will need to create an account on Sona . An account on Sona allow s you to see all the studies that are currently recruiting partic ipants, learn more about these studies, and sign up for a time -slot to complete each study . By u sing this system, experimenters will be able to award you credit for participating in their study and you will be able to assign your credits to the courses of your choosing. Your professors also will have access to this information to track your progress and include these points in your final grade. How do I access Sona? Go to the Psychology subject pool website: http://utpb.sona or you can access Sona by going to the UTPB Psychology department w ebpage. It is extremely important that each individual only has 1 participant account. Duplicate participant accounts create problems for the integrity and quality of research data. Students found to have duplicate participant accounts will be removed from the system. If you created a SONA account in a prior semester, please use the “forgot password ” feature to access that account and update your password. You may also email the system administrator for assistance in retrieving and updating your account inf ormation. Please note that students may need to reactivate/recreate their participant account each full semester. Students should NOT create a new account if they are unable to recall their log in information. If you have NEVER used SONA before you shoul d c lick on the “New Participant?” link on the bottom left -hand corner of the screen. To c reate your account you will need to (a) p rovide your first and last name , (b) c reate a unique User ID that you will remember (e.g., lastname_firstinitial) , (c) e nter a n email address (that you actually use , this is how you will be contacted by the system administrator and experimenters) , (d) p rovide a telephone number where you can be reached (optional – leave blank if you do not wish to be contacted by phone) , (e) Sele ct your courses (highlight all of the courses you are currently enrolled in from the list of courses that are using sona , be careful to check the section numbers or instructor name where appropriate!) , and (f) c lick on Request Account (this should go throu gh right away). You will then receive email confirmation from sona -systems (you may need to check junk mail folders) of your user ID and password (you can change your password once you’ve logged into the system). What are S ona credits? Sona credits are a way for you to receive compensation for participating in studies. Credit is based on 30 minute increments. A typical study lasting up to 30 minutes is worth 0.5 credits , a typical study lasting 60 minutes is worth 1 credit, and so on. It is at each instruc tor’s discretion to decide how many credits students in their courses are required or eligible to earn, as well as how these research credits translate into a portion of each student’s grade for the course. Credits do NOT accrue from one term to another. Credits only count for the current semester. You cannot save up credits from one semester to use during a subsequent semester. Thus, you will need to complete new research credits during each semester (e.g., whole summer, summer I/A, summer II/B, fall, fall A, fall B, spring, spring A, spring B). You can only use each credit once. A credit will not count for more than one class. However, if you belong to multiple courses, you may reassign a credit from one course to another within a single semester. To do th is, simply use the Reassign link that appears when you view your progress. The link appears under the course entry for each item in your progress list. Attempts to reuse credits are considered academic dishonesty and will be dealt with accordingly. Please allow researchers up to one week SONA Participant Instructions updated May 2018 2 following an appointment to award your credits, or possible no show status. If a credit is still pending after that time, you may contact the experimenter to ask them about it, or contact the system administrator. Please in clude your full name, the name of the study, and the date and time that you participated in your email. Where do I do these studies? You may be able to complete some studies online (either through Sona itself or through a link to another website host ing online surveys such as SurveyM onkey or Qualtrics ), whereas other studies may be face to face in various classrooms and computer labs on the UTPB campus . With the SONA system, you may view studies and sign up for those that interest you and those for which you satisfy any special requirements. You may cancel your sign up through the system as well. To view the list of studies, click on Studies from the top toolbar. You will see a list of studies that includes a brief description of each study. Studies that c urrently have available participation times (i.e., timeslots) will have “ TIMESLOTS AVAILABLE ” listed next to their name. To view more information about a study, click on the name of the study. It is your responsibility not to double book yourself (i.e., si gn up for two experiments at the same time). Some studies may be online studies that you complete from any computer. These studies are clearly marked. Other studies are face to face and will list a specific time and location. Additionally some studies may be two part studies where you must sign up for both parts of the study at once and the two parts must be scheduled a certain number of days apart. Please read the study information carefully to be sure that you meet any eligibility requirements. Once you h ave determined that you meet all requirements, you may sign up for a study. What happens after I sign up for a study? To sign up for a study, click on View Timeslots for This Study and you will see a list of available timeslots. Choose a timeslot that is convenient for you and click Sign Up. After you Sign Up for online studies you will be able to begin the study right away. P lease do not click to begin an online study unless you have the time and intentions to complete the study right then. You cannot sta rt and stop an online study multiple times. Please note that if a study has specific timeslots and a room number, then the study is face to face. You must arrive at the designated room on time in order to be able to participate in that study and earn credi t. After you Sign Up for a face to face study, you will see information displayed that confirms the time and location of the study you plan to participate in. Depending on how you configured your SONA participant account, you may also receive email confirm ation. Please pay careful attention to the time and date you choose. When you arrive for a study, please make sure that you are on time and have come to the correct room. The specific room should be available from your list on the My Schedule and Credits p age. The experimenter will give you instructions and explain what he/she would like you to do. Feel free to ask questions about anything you do not understand. Participation is voluntary. If, after hearing the instructions, you decide that you would rather not participate, politely inform the experimenter and you may leave. However, you will not receive any credits because you did not actually participate in the study. If you begin an experiment in good faith and then decide that you prefer not to participa te later on, you may leave the experiment and may receive partial credit for the portion that you completed. Please remember that simply deciding to leave the experiment is not a good faith effort. For example, declining to participate because you did not read the sign up information carefully or you have scheduled another appointment that conflicts with your research time is not a good faith effort. If you arrive at a study and an experimenter is more than 5 minutes late and has not called you at least the day before to cancel the experiment, first double check that you are actually in the right place at the right time before assuming it is the experimenter’s fault. If the experimenter is at fault, you can claim the credit by sending an email to the system administrator at [email protected] . The email should identify your name, the name of the experiment, the location and the time of the appointment. This email should be sent at the time of the appointment to e stablish that you were present and available. The administrator will investigate and award you credit if the claim is determined to be valid. SONA Participant Instructions updated May 2018 3 What if I need to cancel my timeslot? If you need to cancel your participation in a study more than 24 hours bef ore your scheduled participation, you may do so. Go to the My Schedule and Credits Page by choosing the My Schedule/Credits option from the top toolbar. You will see a list of all the studies you have completed as well as the ones you have signed up for. C lick the cancel button next to the study that you have not yet participated in and which you want to cancel. You may receive a warning that your cancellation might affect your ability to participate in other studies due to prerequisite restrictions. It is your responsibility to deal with this issue. Usually, this warning requires that you cancel your participation in the other connected study as well. If you cancel the first part of a two -part study, the second part will also be canceled. If you cancel the second part of a two -part study, the first part will not be canceled, but you will need to contact the researcher to see if you are eligible to complete the second part at an alternate date/time. Some studies may not allow you to do this, but others might. In addition, cancellation of the second part of a study may result in no credit for the experiment, even if you had participated in the first part. If you need to cancel your participation in a study when there are less than 24 hours before your scheduled participation, you should contact the researcher directly. Below the description of each study you will see contact information for the researchers involved with the study. You should contact the researcher; normally email is preferred, to request a cance llation. Please note that contacting the experimenter and/or leaving a message for the experimenter is NOT sufficient to cancel the appointment. The appointment will not be canceled unless the experimenter agrees to do so. If the experimenter does not agre e to cancel it, you will receive a no show assessment. What happens if I don’t show up or complete an in -person study? If you fail to keep an appointment or are more than 5 minutes late to an appointment, you will not earn the credits applicable to that experiment. In addition, if you earn 2 unexcused no show credits you will be locked out of the SONA system. You will not be eligible to participate in any research studies, whether face to face or online, for the remainder of the semester. It is a waste of the researcher’s time to not show up. It also prevents other participants, who may have shown up, from earning those credits. If you reach the 2 unexcused no show credit limit you should speak to your instructor about other options to complete the require d or optional research credits. When I logged into sona, it told me to take a prescreening, what is that? The prescreening is a brief questionnaire containing demographic items and other basic information. Your responses to the prescreening may be used t o determine what studies you can see. This is because some research studies have specific criteria and we want to make sure that only people who meet that criteria sign up. For example, if a study is interested in characteristics of people who are left -han ded, then, prescreening responses could be used to make sure that only left -handed people are able to sign up. The prescreening responses can also be used so that researchers can send you an email to advertise a study that you may qualify for based on your responses. Only the sona administrator has full access to the prescreening results. The researchers on sona, may choose criteria for their study based on specific prescreening responses. Then, they can email you about their study if you meet their eligibi lity criteria. When can I participate in studies? All SONA participation for the semester MUST be completed the week before the semester ends . Individual instructors reserve the right to use an earlier deadline for their student’s participation. Please be aware that in a given semester there is no guarantee that studies will have available timeslots each day that the participant pool is open. If you have any questions about creating your account or using the subject pool website, please contact the system administrator, Dr. Jamie Hughes at [email protected] or by phone at 432 -552 -2347.

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