1. Please review the posts from in the discussion board(the discussion is in the file that I provided below)noting the common threats you are seeing with in the posts – I suggest doing this on paper or in a separate Word document. Note that sometimes threats may be described using different words but be the same overarching threat (e.g., ‘loss of habitat’ is the same as ‘habitat destruction’ or ‘deforestation’).
Now, collate the threats into a single list so that you have approximately 5 to 7 overarching ‘themes’ you saw in the posts (its okay if its more than 7 or less than 5). Also note in your how many posts you saw with each threat. Your list should answer the question “What are the common threats to marine biodiversity?” and might begin something like:

Habitat loss – 8 posts
Climate change – 4 posts

and so on until you have 5 to 7 threats.  It’s possible your last few threats may only have 1 or 2 posts associated with them. 
2. In an additional paragraph (~100 words), reflect on ways in which you think these threats might be either similar or different to threats faced by biodiversity on land.  Your paragraph should ultimately answer the question: “What unique challenges – or lack thereof – do threats to biodiversity in the oceans face, compared to biodiversity on land?”.student 1: I would like to address pollution and vessel strikes. To begin with pollution, I think there ae several strategies to reduce pollution but the problem in the present time is implying the strategies and maintaining them. For instance, the usage of plastic is one of the major causes of pollution both on land and in water and there are several ways people can reduce plastic waste like using reusable bags instead of plastic bags, using metal straws instead of plastic straws etc. Apart from these strategies, I have always thought of how much plastic waste is generated in the toys’ industry. About 80% of plastic toys end up in landfills and I researched about the proposed solutions and there was not a variety of them present. I believe that we could come up with techniques that support recyclable toys and that would help a lot. Regarding vessel strikes, I think that we could come up with technologies that create underwater sounds and use them as warnings for marine animals. One of the major reasons vessels fail to warn marine animals is that their engines have been made in a way to not create sound. This technology can be tied up with some kind of GPS technology that alerts the people in the ship of a potential marine animal in the way of the ship in advance so the procedures to give the warning signal could be initiated.

student 2:The biggest threats to marine diversity according to our discussion board are fishing, entanglement, noise pollution, and vessel strikes. Each one of these problems must have it’s own response, but solving any of these problems will make species more resilient to facing the other issues. In regards to fishing, the global appetite for seafood is likely not going to change or go down. Establishing no-fish zones has been proven to help protect species from overfishing, and then actually increase catch outside the zones. This is likely the best solution to solve overfishing. Entanglement- primarily in fishing gear- is also a huge issue. One way to solve this might be to manufacture fishing lines and nets out of a new kind of material that breaks down after a time, or perhaps to punish fishing businesses for lost nets. Vessel strikes and noise pollution are also very tricky to solve, perhaps a kind of sonar that helps ships avoid striking animals could help reduce strikes. Noise pollution can be made better by electrifying motors, but also perhaps by establishing quiet zones, or quiet hours.

student 3: I think one of the largest and most prominent threats to marine life is noise pollution and boat traffic. There are many efforts being made to deal with problems like overfishing, net entanglements, pollution suffocation etc. But, technology for boats to be less dispruptive to fish, has not been something I have seen be part of the conservation conversation. One of my suggestions to possibly attempt to solve and address this threat/problem to marine life (specifically whales with sonar), is to create solar powered o




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